Friday, July 7, 2017

ISTANBUL RAILWAY MUSEUM

Sirkeci, Fatih - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'54.0"N 28°58'34.0"E / 41.015000, 28.976111

Istanbul Railway Museum photo railway_museum108.jpg

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Istanbul Railway Museum is opened on 23th September 2005. A small museum can ve visited inside Sirkeci station. This is only one room, whose entrace is on the main platform. Three hundred cultural objects are being exhibited in the museum. A collection of object and souvenir is on displays: old pictures, tools, medals, dinning care silverware... The most interresting item is a front end from a E8000. Its displays the cab with all its equipement.

In the museum, which is housed in the 1888-built and 1890-opened railway terminal, around 300 historical items are on display. The exhibits of the museum covering an area of 145 m2 (1,560 sq ft) are parts of the trains and the railway stations, photographs as well as related documents. A few to name are: furniture and silver services used in dining cars, station office equipment, driver cab of an electric suburban train, manufacturer plates of some historic TCDD rolling stock, warning plates, station's clock and bell.

HISTORY OF SİRKECİ (ORIENT) STATION

With a great ceremony the foundation Stone of the Sirkeci Main Station- Gate of Istanbul to Europe - was laid on February 11th, 1888. The architect of this magnificent station building, opened for service on November 3 rd 1890, was the German architect and engineer A. Jasmund. Jasmund, who graduated from the University of Berlin came to Istanbul in order to make investigations on the oriental architecture, gained the trust of Sultan Abdülhamid II and became his advisory architect.

During the planning of the station building, one thing had been of utmost importance to Jasmund. Istanbul is the point where the West ends and the East begins. In other words, it is he point where East and West meets. Therefore the building had to be applied in an oriental style into life, and regional and national style shapes had to be used. In order to reflect this style, bands of bricks were used at facades.

Windows with peak arcs and in the middle a wide entrance door, that reminded to the stone portals of the Selçuklu epoch - were built. The stained - glasses completed this style. The fundament of the building was consisted of granite, the facedes of marble and Stones that had been brought from Marseilles, Arden. In the waiting halls, large tile stoves produced in Austria were installed. The lightning of the building was provided by 300 gas lanterns placed at different locations.

The Sirkeci Station, which is the last stop of Orient Express, was magnificent at the time it was build. The sea was reaching to the building foot and terraces lead down to the sea. On both sides of the middle entrance there were turret clocks, three big restaurants, a large beer-garden and an outdoor restaurant behind the station. The big restaurant in the Station was at the turret clocks side. A long marble stairway leads to the restaurant.

When the railway started to be built in Yedikule and reached the point of Yenikapı disputes came up regarding that the line should lead to Sarayburnu through the garden of Topkapı Palace. This dispute was put to an end by Sultan Abdülaziz who allowed to lay the rails through the garden of the Palace.

The building permission of 337 km long part within the national borders of the total 200 km long Orient Railway between Istanbul-Edirne and Kırklareli-Alpullu was given to Baron Hirch in 1869, was completed in 1888, put into operation and this Project connected Istanbul to European railways.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Turkish State Railways Museum

MORE INFO & CONTACT
Phone : +90 212 520 6575 /  +90 212 527 1201 / +90 444 8233

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

SANTRALISTANBUL ENERGY MUSEUM

Silahtarağa, Eyüp - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°03'59.0"N 28°56'45.0"E / 41.066389, 28.945833

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SİLAHTARAĞA POWER PLANT

The Silahtarağa Power Station (Turkish: Silahtarağa Elektrik Santralı) was a coal-fired thermal power station located in Istanbul, Turkey. Ottoman Empire's first power plant, it served from 1914 to 1983.

The Silahtarağa Power Plant was the Ottoman Empire’s first urban-scale electrical power plant. Built at the mouth of the Kağıthane and Alibeyköy rivers at the tail-end of the Golden Horn, the power plant was Istanbul’s sole electricity provider from 1914 to 1952. Silahtarağa’s generating capacity reached a peak of 120,000 kilowatts in 1956, after which it gradually declined until the plant was decommissioned on 18 March 1983.

1910 : Austro-Hungarian company Ganz wins the bid opened for the installation of a power station in İstanbul. Establishing the Ottoman Electric Company Inc., Ganz begins working.
1914 : The Silahtarağa Power Plant starts running. Electricity is first supplied to the tramway system and later to the European side of the city.
1926 : Electricity is supplied to the Anatolian side with the submarine cable installed between Arnavutköy and Vaniköy.
1937 : The state buys the Electric Company and puts it under the management of the İstanbul Electricity, Tramway and Tunnel (İETT) Enterprises General Directorate. Until 1952, Silahtarağa remains the sole electricity provider of the city.
1970 : The Silahtarağa Power Plant is handed over to the Turkish Electrical Authority (TEK).
1983 : Having completed its economic life, the Silahtarağa Power Plant terminates production.
2004 : Work for the preservation and transformation of the Silahtarağa Power Plant into santralistanbul starts
2007 : Santralİstanbul, which is formed by preservation and reservation of Silahtarağa Power Plant, starts to serve as a centre for education, culture and arts.

The power plant was projected as being the first one in the Ottoman Empire apart from a small hydroelectric power station, which went into service 1902 in Tarsus, Anatolia. The Budapest based Austria-Hungarian Ganz Electric Company was selected to built the power station. It founded in 1910 the Ottoman Electric Company in cooperation with two foreign banks, Banque de Bruxelles and Banque Generale de Credit Hangrois. The company obtained a concession for 50 years, and built a coal-fired thermal power plant in Silahtarağa neighborhood in Eyüp at the upper end of Golden Horn.

The power plant started its service on February 11, 1914, just before the outbreak of World War I, supplying power to tram net and three days later to the sultan's palace and some households in three different corners of the city as well.

The foreign-owned company was nationalized in 1937 and turned over on July 1, 1938 to the Municipality of Istanbul for its management by the Electricity, Tunnel and Tram Company of Istanbul (IETT). Silahtarağa power station was the lone electric supplier in Istanbul until 1950s. In 1952, the station was linked to the newly created interconnect electric system of Turkey. It was transferred to Etibank in 1962 and 1963. In 1970, the power station was turned over to the Turkish Electric Institution (TEK).

Silahtarağa power station had initially 3 units of 6 MW power each. The capacity was later increased to a total power of 80 MW. On March 13, 1983, Silahtarağa power station was shut down due to reaching the end of its economic service life. It is Turkey's first power plant closed. The site stood dormant since then. In 1991, Silahtarağa power plant was listed under the cultural and natural objects in Istanbul to be protected.

ENERGY MUSEUM

In 2002, a redevelopment plan was worked out by Oğuz Özerden, a young businessman and founder of Istanbul Bilgi University. The project foresaw the conversion of the former plant site into a university campus with creation of a modern art museum and an energy museum particularly. Despite a rivaling project of the Chamber of Electrical Engineers' Istanbul branch in cooperation with Istanbul Technical University, Bilgi University's project was approved by the Ministry of Energy and Natural Resources, and could be realized in three years with financial support of some leading Turkish companies.

The Silahtarağa Power Plant sprawled over a 118,000 m2 site comprising engine rooms with turbine generators, boiler rooms, management buildings, workers’ quarters and vast coal yards. It stands today as one of Turkey’s top industrial heritage sites. Converting the Silahtarağa Power Plant into Santralİstanbul was a process that involved retaining as many of the original elements as possible. Work began in May 2004 and was completed in September 2007.

The site was converted into a university campus for the Istanbul Bilgi University with two museums and several facilities for different purposes. It is renamed SantralIstanbul and reopened in 2007. The complex was renamed SantralIstanbul after the Turkish language word "Santral" for power station, and opened officially on September 8, 2007. It comprises a modern art museum, an energy museum, a public library, an amphitheater and several other facilities for arts, cultural, educational and social purposes.

The SantralIstanbul (Turkish: Santralİstanbul), opened in 2007, is an arts and cultural complex located at the upper end of Golden Horn in the Eyüp district of Istanbul, Turkey. The center, consisting of a modern art museum, an energy museum, an amphitheater, concert halls and a public library, is situated within the Silahtarağa campus of Istanbul Bilgi University that was formerly the first power station of the Ottoman Empire.

Important technical remains of the former power station are preserved and can be seen in the Energy museum, which was designed by architect Han Tümertekin. Situated in the turbine hall having three generator groups, the museum is the summary of the steam turbines, the electrical generators and the equipment of the power plant on the show in almost original conditions.

The Silahtarağa Power Plant's first two engine rooms, built in 1913 and 1921 respectively, were reinforced and converted into the santralistanbul Museum of Energy, retaining as many original elements as possible. The first step in the power plant’s conversion to Museum of Energy was to halt the corrosion of the turbine generators and other machinery which had set in as a result of disuse since the plant’s decommissioning in 1983.

Teams of experts moved in to clean up the machinery and apply a protective anti-corrosion sealant. Thereafter, the number one turbine generator group was restored to its original appearance of 1931. Meanwhile, the number three turbine generator group, which had been dismantled when production stopped at the plant, was preserved exactly as left.

In the Museum of Energy's number one and two Engine Rooms, visitors currently have the chance to see the AEG, Brown Boveri, Siemens and Thomson Houston made turbine generator groups. These were the key components of electricity generation at the Silahtarağa Power Plant and reflect the advanced technology of the age.

The Control Room, which oversaw the generation of electricity and its transmission to different districts around Istanbul, has been preserved intact, complete with elaborate control devices and equipment. Throughout the long and painstaking preservation process, the exact position of missing or damaged items was marked and surviving items cleaned and sealed against corrosion.

The ground floor of the Museum of Energy is given over to the Energy Play Zone, a fun-meets-science space featuring 22 interactive exhibits. It’s here that visitors get to generate electricity themselves, to morph into batteries, make magnetic sculptures, struggle with a stubborn suitcase, touch thousands of volts without thinking twice and dabble in many more scientific experiments. Besides, most of the panels, seminars and talks realized within santralistanbul since its foundation, were held at the Cinema/Seminar Room situated on the ground floor of the Museum of Energy.

Another not-to-be-missed Museum of Energy installation comes in the form of the Reactable, a revolutionary new electronic musical instrument using an illuminated round table-top interface. To ‘play’ the instrument, the musician manipulates translucent objects over the interface, at which point the objects begin interacting.

The Reactable was originally displayed as an exhibit in Uncharted, a temporary show heldat the santralistanbul Main Gallery. In August 2009, after the show ended, it was gifted to the Museum of Energy as a permanent exhibit. The internationally award-winning instrument was used on stage by Björk during her Volta world tour.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : Santralistanbul Energy Museum

MORE INFO & CONTACT
Tel : +90 212 311 7878
E-Mail : muze@santralistanbul.org

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.

TANZİMAT (PERIOD OR REFORMS) MUSEUM

Gülhane Park, Fatih - Istanbul - Turkey

GPS : 41°00'50.0"N 28°58'46.7"E / 41.013889, 28.979639

Tanzimat (Period Of Reforms) Museum photo tanzimat_museum102.jpg

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Tanzimat Museum is placed in the Gülhane Park managed to stay green in the areas of Istanbul. Tanzimat Museum contains the artifacts of Tanzimat period which corresponds to the time of collapse of the Ottoman Empire. This museum is dedicated to the display of documents and objects dating from the Tanzimat period of reform and Westernization between the years 1839-1876.

Tanzimat Museum firstly was established in a place called as “Linden Pavilion” in 1952. After a while, Linden Pavilion was taken back to the institution “National Palaces”, so Tanzimat Museum was closed. Then in 1969, the museum met with visitors again in a building of Beşiktaş District which called as “Tent Pavilion” within the boundaries of Star Park. In 1970, the museum was transferred to a building in Gülhane Park which was built for “Tanzimat Museum”. The museum has served since 1983.

The museum displays 19th century documents and objects belonging to the Ottoman Tanzimat period and the 1839 Tanzimat Firman document which is one of the most significant in paving the way to the westernisation of the Ottoman Empire.

Also on display are signed photographs with engravings and paintings and personal objects belonging to Mustafa Reşid Paşa, Sadık Muhtar Bey and Ziya Paşa all of whom were leading statesmen during this reform movement.

Tanzimat Museum is also home to belongings of many statesmen such as uniforms, apparel from glassware and personal items. All works related to Tanzimat Period are acclaimed by local and foreign tourists who visit the museum. Also newspapers and magazines, belong to time of reading the Tanzimat Edict, are exhibited in the museum. In addition, lots of works are exhibited such as the first Ottoman Population Paper published in 1856, the diary of Namık Kemal.

LOCATION SATELLITE MAP



WEB SITE : İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality

MORE INFO & CONTACT
Tel : +90 212 512 6384
E-Mail : kutuphanemuzeler@ibb.gov.tr

These scripts and photographs are registered under © Copyright 2017, respected writers and photographers from the internet. All Rights Reserved.